雷火电竞

“量子霸权”难实现:很难造出真正有用的量子计算机

        【每日科技网】

  新浪科技雷火电竞讯 北京时间1月7日消息,据国外媒体报道,谷歌曾在2019年秋天宣布,其量子计算机的计算速度远远超过了目前最的超级计算机,可见“量子霸权”已经实现,而IBM公司迅速表示反对,称自己的经典超级计算机不仅计算速度与谷歌的量子计算机差不多,而且真实性谷歌,因此人们应该用“怀疑的眼光”看待谷歌此次发布的声明。

  LIANGZIJISUANYIJINGBUSHIDIYICIZAODAOZHIYILE。QUNIAN,FAGUOMENGBILIAIDAXUEDELILUNWULIXUEJIAMIQIEER·DAYAKENUOFU(Michel Dyakonov)JIUZAIDIANZIYUJISUANJIGONGCHENGDEQIJIANQIKANIEEE SpectrumSHANGFABIAOLEYIPIANWENZHANG,CONGJISHUJIAODUCHUFA,JIU“WOMENWEIHEYONGYUANYEBUKENENGZAOCHUSHIYONGDELIANGZICHAOJIJISUANJI”LIECHULEYIXILIELIYOU。BENWENZUOZHE、EKELAHEMAZHOULIDAXUELIANGZIJISUANZHUANJIASABUHASHEN·KAKE( Subhash Kak)YERENWEI,YOUYUYINGJIANDESUIJIWUCHANANYIBIMIAN,DEQUEHENNANZAOCHUZHENZHENGYOUYONGDELIANGZIJISUANJI。

  HEWEILIANGZIJISUANJI?

  YAOXIANGLIJIEWEISHENME,SHOUXIANYAONONGQINGLIANGZIJISUANJIDEGONGZUOYUANLI,YINWEIQIYUANLIYUJINGDIANJISUANJIYOUZHEBENZHISHANGDEQUBIE。

  JINGDIANJISUANJILIYONGWUSHUGE0HE1LAICHUCUNSHUJU,ZHEIXIESHUZIKEYIDAIBIAOMOUGEHUILUSHANGBUTONGDIANWEICHUDEDIANYA,DANLIANGZIJISUANJISHIYONGDESHILIANGZIBITE,KEYIJIANGTAMENXIANGXIANGCHENGYIXILIEJUYOUZHENFUHEXIANGWEIDEBO。

  LIANGZIBITEDEXINGZHIFEICHANGTESHU,TAMENKEYIYIDIEJIATAICUNZAI,JITONGYISHIJIANJIKENENGSHI0、YEKENENGSHI1;LIANGZIBITEHAIHUIXIANGHUJIUCHAN,JISHIZHIJIANXIANGGESHENYUAN,YENENGGONGXIANGXIANGTONGDEWULIXINGZHI。ZHEIZHONGXINGWEIZAIJINGDIANWULIXUEDESHIJIEZHONGSHIBUCUNZAIDE,YIDANSHIYANZHESHITUYULIANGZITAIJINXINGHUDONG,ZHEIZHONGDIEJIATAIJIUHUILIKEXIAOSHI。

  YOUYUDIEJIATAIDECUNZAI,YITAIYONGYOU100GELIANGZIBITEDELIANGZIJISUANJIKEYITONGSHIJICHU2100ZHONGJIEFA。ZAIJIEJUETEDINGWENTISHI(RUDAIMAPOJIELEIWENTI),ZHEIZHONGZHISHUJIBIEDEBINGXINGJISUANWUYIYOUZHEJUDADESUDUYOUSHI。

  CIWAIHAIYOULINGYIZHONGLIANGZIJISUANFANGFA,MINGJIAO“LIANGZITUIHUO”,ZHILIYONGLIANGZIBITEJIASUJIEJUEYOUHUALEIWENTI。JIANADADED-Wave SystemsGONGSIJIUDAZAOLEYIXILIECAIYONGLIANGZIBITEDEYOUHUAXITONG,DANYOUPIPINGJIAZHICHU,ZHEIXIEXITONGDEXINGNENGBINGBUBIJINGDIANJISUANJICHUSE。

  JINGUANRUCI,DUOJIAGONGSIHEGUOJIAZHENGFURENGRANZAILIANGZIJISUANLINGYUTOURULEDALIANGZIJIN。OUMENGZHIDINGLEYIXIANGHAOZI11YIMEIYUANDELIANGZIXIANGMUZONGJIHUA,MEIGUODEGUOJIALIANGZICHANGYIFAANTIGONGLE12YIMEIYUANZIJIN,YONGYUZAIWUNIANSHIJIANNEITUIDONGLIANGZIXINXIKEXUEDEFAZHAN。

  POJIEJIAMISUANFASHIXUDUOGUOJIAYANJIULIANGZIJISHUDEYOULIDONGJI,JIARUNENGCHENGGONGZHANGWOZHEIMENJISHU,JIUHUIZAIQINGBAOFANGMIANHUODEJUDAYOUSHI,CHUCIZHIWAI,ZHEIXIETOUZIYOULITUIDONGLEJICHUWULIXUEDEYANJIU。

  XUDUOGONGSIDOUZAIJINQUANLIDAZAOLIANGZIJISUANJI,BAOKUOYINTEER、WEIRUAN、IBMDENGDENG。ZHEIXIEGONGSIZHENGZAIYANZHIMONIJINGDIANJISUANJIDIANLUMOXINGDEYINGJIAN。RANER,MUQIANDESHIYANXINGXITONGZHIYOUBUDAO100GELIANGZIBITE,ERYAOXIANGZHENZHENGJUBEIJISUANNENGLI,JISUANJIBIXUYAOYOUSHUSHIWANGELIANGZIBITECAIXING。

  GUGEDESycamoreXINPIANXUYAOFANGZAIDIWENHENGWENQIZHONG、BAOCHIDIWENZHUANGTAI。

雷火电竞  LIANGZISUANFABEIHOUDESHUXUEYUANLIYIJINGHENQINGCHULE,DANJISHUFANGMIANRENGCUNZAIJUDATIAOZHAN。

  JISUANJIYAOXIANGZHENGCHANGYUNXING,JIUBIXUNENGSUISHIJIUZHENGSUIJICHUXIANDEXIAOCUOWU。ZAILIANGZIJISUANJIZHONG,ZHEIXIECUOWUKENENGLAIZIYOUWENTIDEDIANLUYUANJIAN、HUOZHELIANGZIBITEYUZHOUWEIHUANJINGZHIJIANDEXIANGHUZUOYONG。YIDANCHUXIANZHEIXIEWENTI,LIANGZIBITEZHIJIANDEXIANGGANXINGJIUHUIXUNSUXIAOSHI,YINCIJISUANSHIJIANBIXUBIZHEIDUANSHIJIANGENGDUANCAIXING,ERRUGUOZHEIXIESUIJICUOWUMEIYOUDEDAOJIUZHENG,LIANGZIJISUANJIDEJISUANJIEGUOJIUHAOWUJIAZHIKEYANLE。

雷火电竞  ZAIJINGDIANJISUANJIZHONG,XIAOGUIMOZAOSHENGKEYILIYONGSUOWEIDE“YUZHI”GAINIANLAIJIUZHENG,LEISIYUSHUZIDESISHEWURU。YIZHENGSHUDECHUANSHUWEILI,JIASHEYIZHIWUCHAZHIXIAOYU0.5,RUGUOJIESHOUDAODESHUZIWEI3.45,JIUHUIBEIZIDONGJIUZHENGWEI3。

雷火电竞  GENGYANZHONGDEZAOSHENGKEYITONGGUOYINRU“RONGYU”LAIJIUZHENG。JIASHEJIANG0HE1YI000HE111DEXINGSHICHUANSHU,CHUANSHUGUOCHENGZHONGJIUZUIDUOZHIYOU1GEBITEHUICHUCUO,ZHEIYANGYILAI,JIARUJIESHOUDAODESHUZISHI001,JIUHUIBEIZIDONGJIUZHENGWEI0;ERJIARUJIESHOUDAOLE101,JIUHUIBEIJIUZHENGWEI1。

雷火电竞  LIANGZIJIUCUOMASHIJINGDIANJISUANJIJIUCUOMADEFANHUABAN,DANLIANGZHEZHIJIANYOUZHEGUANJIANQUBIE。SHOUXIAN,WEIZHIDELIANGZIBITEBUNENGBEIFUZHI,YINCIBUNENGYINGYONGRONGYUJIUCUOFA。QICI,ZAIJIUCUOMAYINRUQIANSHURUDESHUJUZHONGCUNZAIDECUOWUWUFABEIJIUZHENG。

  LIANGZIJIAMI

雷火电竞  JINGUANZAOSHENGWENTISHILIANGZIJISUANJIMIANLINDEZHONGDATIAOZHAN,DANDUIYULIANGZIJIAMILAISHUOBINGFEIRUCI。YINWEIZAILIANGZIJIAMIJISHUZHONG,GEGELIANGZIBITEZHIJIANBINGMEIYOUXIANGGANXING,ERDANGELIANGZIBITEYUWAIJIEHUANJINGZHIJIANKEYIZHANGSHIJIANBAOCHIGEJUE。LIYONGLIANGZIJIAMIJISHU,LIANGMINGYONGHUKEYIJIAOHUANSUOWEIDE“MIYAO”(TONGCHANGSHIYICHUANHENZHANGDESHUZI),MIYAOJIUXIANGYIBABAOHUSHUJUDEYAOCHI,BINGQIEZHEITAOMIYAOJIAOHUANXITONGMEIYOURENHERENKEYIPOJIE。ZHEILEIMIYAOJIAOHUANXITONGKEYONGYUWEIXINGYUHAIJUNJUNJIANZHIJIANDEJIAMIGOUTONG。BUGUO,ZAIJIAOHUANMIYAOZHIHOUSHIYONGDEZHENZHENGJIAMISUANFARENGSHUYUJINGDIANSUANFA,YINCICONGLILUNSHANGLAISHUO,JIAMIJIBIEBINGBUHUIGAOYUJINGDIANJIAMIFANGFA。

雷火电竞  LIANGZIJIAMIJISHUYIJINGBEIYONGZAILESHAOSHUDAEYINXINGJIAOYIZHONG,DANYOUYUJIAOYISHUANGFANGBIXUTONGGUOJINGDIANXIEYIJINXINGSHENFENRENZHENG,ERZHEISHIZHENGGENLIANTIAOZHONGZUIBORUODEYIHUAN,YINCIZHENGGEJIAMIXITONGDEQIANGDUYUXIANYOUXITONGBINGMEIYOUTAIDAQUBIE。YINXINGRENGZAISHIYONGYIJINGDIANJIAMIFANGFAWEIJICHUDESHENFENRENZHENGLIUCHENG,ERZHEITAOLIUCHENGBENSHENYEKEYIYONGYUMIYAOJIAOHUAN,BINGBUHUISUNSHIXITONGDEZHENGTIANQUANXING。

  YINCI,LIANGZIJIAMIJISHUYAOXIANGHUODEYUANSHENGYUXIANYOUJISHUDEANQUANXING,JIUBIXUJIANGZHONGDIANZHUANYIDAOLIANGZIXINXICHUANSHUSHANG。

雷火电竞  SHANGYEGUIMOLIANGZIJISUANMIANLINDETIAOZHAN

雷火电竞  JIARUNENGJIEJUELIANGZIXINXICHUANSHUDEWENTI,LIANGZIJIAMIJISHUHAISHIHENYOUQIANJINGDE,DANLIANGZIJISUANZEBUYIDING。JIUCUONENGLIDUIPUTONGDEDUOGONGNENGJISUANJIERYANYIJINGRUCIZHONGYAO,DUILIANGZIJISUANJILAISHUOGENGSHIYIXIANGJUDATIAOZHAN,YINCI,YAOXIANGDAZAOCHUSHANGYEGUIMODELIANGZIJISUANJI,ZHIPASHINANRUDENGTIAN。

MIANZESHENGMING:BENWENJINDAIBIAOZUOZHEGERENGUANDIAN,YUMEIRIKEJIWANGWUGUAN。QIYUANCHUANGXINGYIJIWENZHONGCHENSHUWENZIHENEIRONGWEIJINGBENZHANZHENGSHI,DUIBENWENYIJIQIZHONGQUANBUHUOZHEBUFENNEIRONG、WENZIDEZHENSHIXING、WANZHENGXING、JISHIXINGBENZHANBUZUORENHEBAOZHENGHUOCHENGNUO,QINGDUZHEJINZUOCANKAO,BINGQINGZIXINGHESHIXIANGGUANNEIRONG。

BENWANGZHANYOUBUFENNEIRONGJUNZHUANZAIZIQITAMEITI,ZHUANZAIMUDEZAIYUCHUANDIGENGDUOXINXI,BINGBUDAIBIAOBENWANGZANTONGQIGUANDIANHEDUIQIZHENSHIXINGFUZE,RUOYINZUOPINNEIRONG、ZHISHICHANQUAN、BANQUANHEQITAWENTI,QINGJISHITIGONGXIANGGUANZHENGMINGDENGCAILIAOBINGYUWOMENLIANXI,BENWANGZHANJIANGZAIGUIDINGSHIJIANNEIJIYUSHANCHUDENGXIANGGUANCHULI.