雷火电竞

人类的量子信息革命:上帝掷骰子吗?

        【每日科技网】

  HUIGU2019NIANDEKEXUEJINZHAN,LIANGZIWULILINGYUSHOUHUOPOFENG:RENLEIPAISHEDAOLIANGZIJIUCHANDEZHAOPIAN,QINYANKANDAOZHEIZHONG“YOULINGBANDECHAOJUZUOYONG”;GUGESHIYANZHENGMING“LIANGZIYOUYUEXING”,YANSHILELIANGZIJISUANCHAOYUEJINGDIANJISUANJICHAOJIJISUANNENGLI,YIGEXINDEXINXIJISHUSHIDAIYINGLAIXINSHUGUANG。

雷火电竞  LIANGZILINGYUBUDUANYONGXIANCHUDEXINJINZHAN,YEDAILAILELIANGZISHANGYEDELINGLEI“FANRONG”。CONG“LIANGZIXIEDIAN”、“LIANGZISHUIBEI”DAO“LIANGZIBODONGSUDUFA”、LIANGZIZHILIAOAIZHENG,ZHEIXIECHANPINHUOSHUOFAZAISHICHANGSHANGDAXINGQIDAO,ZHAOYAOZHUANGPIAN,CHONGFENBIAOMINGGONGZHONGDUIYULIANGZIKEXUERENGRANZHIZHISHENSHAO,XUYAOGAOZHILIANGDE、SHENRURENXINDEKEXUEPUJI。

雷火电竞  2020NIAN1YUE12RI,YOUZHISHIXUEYANSHE、ZHISHIFENZI、SAIXIANSHENGHEMOZISHALONGZHUBANDE2020NIANKEXUEXINNIANYANJIANGZAIBEIJINGLONGZHONGJUXING,JUJIAOLIANGZIXINXIGEMING,LIANGZIWULIXUEJIA、ZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUDAXUEJIAOSHOUPANJIANWEIFENGXIANLEYICHANGGUANYULIANGZIDEJINGCAIYANJIANG。

  “量子计算和量子保密通讯技术会引领一场新的科技雷火电竞革命,这个革命和历史上其他的几个革命一样,将深远地影响着这个世界。”2020年科学新年演讲主持人、对外经贸大学红天讲席教授高西庆在开场中介绍道。

  PANJIANWEIJIAOSHOUDEYANJIANGYI“CONGAIYINSITANDEHAOQIXINDAOLIANGZIXINXIGEMING”WEITI,HUIGULE20SHIJICHULIANGZILIXUEDANSHENGZHICHUAIYINSITANYUBOERDESHIJIBIANLUN:SHANGDIZHITOUZIMA?

  JINGDIANLIXUEGAOSUWOMEN:YIDANQUEDINGLECHUSHIZHUANGTAI,SUOYOULIZIWEILAIDEYUNDONGZHUANGTAIYUANLISHANGDOUSHIKEYIBEIYUYAN。ZHEIYEYIWEIZHE,YIQIESHIJIANDOUSHIZAIYUZHOUDABAOZHASHIJIUYIJINGQUEDINGHAODE。NEIME,GERENDENULIHAIYOUYIYIMA?

雷火电竞  CONG1900NIANPULANGKETONGGUOPULANGKEGONGSHIMIAOSHUHEITIFUSHEHOUTICHULIANGZILUNSUANQIDEBAIYUNIANLAI,ZHONGDUOWULIXUEJIATONGGUODUILIANGZIGUILVDEGUANCE,YIJINGCHENGGONGGOUJIANQILIANGZILIXUEDEWULIDASHA,ZHEISHIRENLEIDEDIYICILIANGZIGEMING。

  PANJIANWEIYONGTONGSUYIDONGDEYUYAN,JIESHAOLEYUJINGDIANLIXUEXIANGBI,LIANGZILIXUESUOMIAOSHUDEWEIGUANLIZIJUYOULIANGZIDIEJIADETEXING,ERQIEQIZHUANGTAISHIBUKEYUXIANQUEDINGDE。JUTILAISHUO,BUGUANCELIANGDESHOUFARUHEWEIXIAO,YIDANZUOYONGFASHENGLE,WUTIDEZHUANGTAIJIUHUIBIANHUA。PANJIANWEIZHICHU,LIANGZILIXUEWEIHUIDARENLEISHIFOUJUYOUZIZHUYISHITIGONGLEKENENG。

雷火电竞  ZAIHUIDAKEXUEJIBENWENTIDETONGSHI,LIANGZILIXUEYEDAIDONGLEXINXIJISHUDEFAZHAN,BAOKUOXINXIJISHUFAZHANDAOJINTIAN,DUIYUANQUANXINGYEYOUJIGAODEYAOQIU,DUIJISUANNENGLIYETICHULEJUDAXUQIU,DANYUCITONGSHI,SUOYOUYILAIYUJISUANFUZADUDEJINGDIANJIAMISUANFA,YUANZESHANGDOUSHINENGBEIPOJIEDE,RENLEIMUQIANYONGYOUDEJISUANNENGLIYOUXIAN。

雷火电竞  PANJIANWEIJIESHAO,KEXUEJIAZAIDUILIANGZIJIUCHANZHEIYIGUIYIDEHUDONGZHANKAIDALIANGSHIYANYANJIUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,FAZHANQIJINGXIDELIANGZIDIAOKONGJISHU,ERJIEHELIANGZIDIAOKONGHEXINXIJISHU,RENLEIYINGLAILEDIERCILIANGZIGEMING。

  PANJIANWEIZHICHU,RENLEICONGDUILIANGZIGUILVDEBEIDONGGUANCE,DAODUILIANGZIZHUANGTAIDEZHUDONGCAOZONG,ZHENGRURENLEIDUISHENGWUXUEDERENSHI,CONGMENGDEERYICHUANDINGLVDAODNAJIEGOUDEWEIDAKUAYUE。

  量子信息包括量子通信、量子计算和量子精密测量三方面。其中,量子通信可以提供原理上无条件安全的通信方式,量子计算可以带来计算能力的飞跃,量子精密测量可以大幅提高测量精度。

  2019NIAN10YUE,GUGELVXIANSHIXIAN“LIANGZIYOUYUEXING”,CHENGWEIJINNIANLAIGUOJILIANGZIXINXILINGYUYIBIAOZHIXINGSHIJIAN。ERZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUDAXUETUANDUIYEZAIJINQISHIXIANLEFUZADUXIANGDANGYU48GELIANGZIBITEDEBOSEQUYANGLIANGZIJISUAN,BIJINGUGEDE53GECHAODAOLIANGZIBITE。

  “KEYIYUQI,YILIANGZIXINXIJISHUWEIDAIBIAODEDIERCILIANGZIGEMINGYEYIDINGHUIDAILAIRENLEISHEHUIWUZHIWENMINGDEJUDAJINBU,TONGSHIYEJIZHONGGUOYIGECONGJINGDIANXINXIJISHUSHIDAIDEGENSUIZHE、MOFANGZHEZHUANBIANWEIWEILAIXINXIJISHUYINLINGZHEDEWEIDAJIYU。”PANJIANWEISHUO。

  在谣言终结者的环节,潘建伟还对量子鞋垫、量子水杯、量子波动阅读法等暗黑“科技”做了辟谣。

雷火电竞  CIWAI,QINGHUADAXUEYANGZHENNINGJIANGZUOJIAOSHOU、2019WEILAIKEXUEDAJIANGDEZHUWANGXIAOYUN,LIANGZIWULIXUEJIA、QINGHUADAXUEJIAOSHOUXUEQIKUN,JINGJIXUEJIA、QINGHUAJINGJIGUANLIXUEYUANYUANZHANGBAIZHONGENJIAOSHOU,AWSZHONGGUORENGONGZHINENGYANJIUYUANSHOURENYUANZHANG、SHANGHAINIUYUEDAXUEJISUANJIKEXUEJIAOSHOU(XUESHUXIUJIA)ZHANGZHENG,SHENGWUXUEJIA、SHOUDOUYIKEDAXUEXIAOZHANGRAOYIJIAOSHOU,SHEHUIXUEJIA、PULINSIDUNDAXUEXIEYUJIAOSHOUDENGJIULIANGZIWULIYUMIMAXUE、JINGJIXUE、SHEHUIXUE、RENGONGZHINENGDEJIAOCHAHUATITONGTAIJINXINGLEJILIEDETAOLUN。

雷火电竞  WANGXIAOYUNJIAOSHOUJIESHAOLEZAILIANGZIJISUANDEJUDASUANLIMIANQIAN,JINGDIANMIMAXUEDEANQUANJIZHI。XUEQIKUNJIUXINDELIANGZIXINXIJISHUGEMINGHESHIDAOLAIYIJIXIANGGUANDEYINGXIANGJINXINGLEYUCE。BAIZHONGENJIAOSHOUJIUJINGJIXUEJIAWEILAIZAILIANGZIJISUANSHIDAIDEJIAOSEZUOLEFENXIANG。

  ERZAI“SHANGDISHIFOUZHITOUZI”DEDUIHUAHUANJIE,GENGSHIYOURENGONGZHINENGLINGYU、SHENGWUXUELINGYU、SHEHUIXUELINGYUZHUANJIADEKUAJIEDUITAN。

  RENGONGZHINENGZHUANJIAZHANGZHENGFENXIANGLEGUANYUSHENDUXUEXIDEHEIXIANGWENTIDELIJIE。XIEYUJIUSHEHUIXIANXIANGDEFUZAXINGHEBUQUEDINGXING,CONGSHEHUIXUEDEJIAODUHUIDALEDUISHANGDISHIFOUZHITOUZIDEKANFA。RAOYICONGSHENGMINGKEXUEDEJIAODU,DUIYUSHENGMINGDEDANSHENGHEYANHUASHIFOUSHISHANGDIZHITOUZIDEJIEGUOJICHULEZIJIDEHUIDA。

雷火电竞  LUBAIZHICHU,CICIXINNIANKEXUEYANJIANGHUIDALEBAINIANQIANAIYINSITANDEYIWEN,BUQUEDINGXINGDERENSHENGSHIYOUKEXUEDEYIJU,RENSHENGJIUSHIZAIBUQUEDINGXINGZHONGXUNZHAOQUEDINGXING,NULIGAIBIANZIJI,GAIBIANSHIJIE。

  “ZHEISHIZIRANKEXUEHESHEHUIKEXUESHUANGZHONGYANZHENGDEYIGEDAAN,ZHEISHIWOMENZAI2020XINNIANDEKAIDUAN,TINGDAODEZUIYOUKEXUEHANLIANG、JINGSHOUZHUKEXUEKAOWENDEXINLINGJITANG。”LUBAIZUIHOUZONGJIESHUO。

MIANZESHENGMING:BENWENJINDAIBIAOZUOZHEGERENGUANDIAN,YUMEIRIKEJIWANGWUGUAN。QIYUANCHUANGXINGYIJIWENZHONGCHENSHUWENZIHENEIRONGWEIJINGBENZHANZHENGSHI,DUIBENWENYIJIQIZHONGQUANBUHUOZHEBUFENNEIRONG、WENZIDEZHENSHIXING、WANZHENGXING、JISHIXINGBENZHANBUZUORENHEBAOZHENGHUOCHENGNUO,QINGDUZHEJINZUOCANKAO,BINGQINGZIXINGHESHIXIANGGUANNEIRONG。

雷火电竞 BENWANGZHANYOUBUFENNEIRONGJUNZHUANZAIZIQITAMEITI,ZHUANZAIMUDEZAIYUCHUANDIGENGDUOXINXI,BINGBUDAIBIAOBENWANGZANTONGQIGUANDIANHEDUIQIZHENSHIXINGFUZE,RUOYINZUOPINNEIRONG、ZHISHICHANQUAN、BANQUANHEQITAWENTI,QINGJISHITIGONGXIANGGUANZHENGMINGDENGCAILIAOBINGYUWOMENLIANXI,BENWANGZHANJIANGZAIGUIDINGSHIJIANNEIJIYUSHANCHUDENGXIANGGUANCHULI.